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The Syphilis Problem Among Gay Men
Syphilis, a sexually transmitted venereal disease, is rising among gay and bisexual men after being nearly eliminated in the United States more than a decade ago, according to a federal study recently released.
And in many parts of the country, the syphilis situation is simply sad. For example, in Georgia, the rate of primary and secondary among males was 18.1 cases per 100,000 population compared to the U.S. male rate of 9.3, nearly twice the national average.
The increase in syphilis among gay men is a major public health concern, said researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, because it indicates sexual behavior that could lead to an increase in HIV transmission.
The U.S. syphilis rate in 2013 was 5.3 cases per 100,000 people, more than twice the all-time low of 2.1 cases per 100,000 people in 2000, the CDC reported. The majority of patients with the disease, which is treatable, were men who had sex with other men.
Strategies that proved effective in lowering heterosexual syphilis rates have not worked as well among gay and bisexual men, said Gail Bolan, director of the CDC’s Division of STD Prevention.
Syphilis is rarely fatal but can lead to health problems such as blindness and stroke, Bolan said. From 2005 to 2013, the number of U.S. syphilis cases reported nearly doubled, from 8,724 to 16,663, the CDC said.
In 2013, men accounted for about 91 percent of all reported cases. The highest rates of syphilis were among black men, although the largest increases were reported among Hispanic and white men, the CDC said.
Avoid getting syphilis
You can protect yourself by:
- Not having sex;
- Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results; and
- Using latex condoms and dental dams the right way every time you have sex.
Washing your genitals, urinating, or douching after sex will not protect you from getting syphilis.
The federal health agency recommended a prevention effort that includes increased screening for the disease and stresses the importance of using latex condoms, limiting sex partners and encouraging monogamous relationships with partners who do not have a sexually transmitted disease.
Content for this article provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.